You’ll need to think about how to keep your enthusiasm going when learning how to build a deck step by step, so here’s some things that will keep you going. Decks are a convenience to have and are fun to build.
Usually, you can pace the dimensions and set up a string line in less time than it takes to drink a glass of iced tea. If your configuration isn’t correct, just move a stake or two until it’s where you like it. Once the outline of the deck is established, the next thing is to decide on the materials for the decking surface.
Sometimes the type of decking you’ll go with will depend on the availability of the materials. In some areas of the country, 2” redwood decking is more prevalent than spruce, and other localities might have stacks of 2” doug fir at a great price.
Whatever type of decking material you decide on, it’s always a good idea to figure about 5% over the actual square footage of the deck surface. This is what’s referred to as allowable waste, and if you’re not completely familiar with how to build a deck, step by step, you’re going to find this is a smart calculation.
Everything looks fine on paper, but once the project is underway, you’ll have a few odd cuts here and there, and maybe decide to run some extra blocking under the barbecue area.
The 2” deck joists, 4” girders and posts and 2” bracing are readily available, and they can be figured relatively close in terms of overall footage. Some like to add an extra joist and a couple of 2×4’s for the same reason they factor 5% over on decking.
However, if one already knows how to build a deck, step by step, that same person knows, a little extra is better than being short. So, consider this an insider tip, from those who like to avoid running short of framing material.
Of course, concrete post hole mix and metal post anchors can be purchased almost anywhere that building supplies are sold, and most people understand, when it comes to how to build a deck, step by step, the footings are the first thing that’s installed.
The layout of the girders will determine the layout of the concrete footings for the girder posts. A good method that’s easy to employ when it comes to posts and girders that support the deck joist is, nothing over 8’ span, in any direction.
If the measurement leaves 10′ at one end, just add another post. You’ll need one girder if the deck attaches to the house and the distance from that point to the outside edge of the deck is 16′ or less. If the distance is 18’, the deck will need 2 girders. The other consideration in terms of the materials would be handrails.
The building code in many localities specifies, where the deck surface is less than 18” above the grade, handrails are not required. If you’re planning on having handrails, at a minimum the height must be 42″ above the deck surface.
The building department has publications that describe how to build a deck, step by step, and these are available on line or at the local city hall offices. How to build a deck step by step starts with the layout of the deck.
All you need are a chalk line and a saw to trim the edge of the deck. This is the part of the project where one can get the shape of deck to their complete liking.
For further blueprints, you can check out this video: